Publications Citing LSSSE Research


Bowman, N. A., Stroup, N. R., & Fenton-Miller, S. (2023). The Enrollment of Racially Minoritized Students in Law School: Factors Predicting Within-School Changes Over TimeThe Journal of Higher Education94(5), 557-580.

Cochran, T., & Godette, S. (2023). Law School in a Pandemic Ungrouped: How Online JD Experiences Varied Across Students. AccessLex Institute.

Deo, M. E. (2023). A CRT Assessment of Law Student Needs (and Accompanying Fact Sheet). Meera E Deo, A CRT Assessment of Law Student Needs125(5).

Deo, M. E. (2023). A Critical Race Theory Assessment of Law Student NeedsTeachers College Record.

Deo, M. E. (2023). Better than BIPOCLaw and Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice41(71).

Deo, M. E. (2023). Equity in legal educationSanta Clara Law Review63(95).

Gonzales-Zamora, V. C. (2023). The COVID CeilingChicanx-Latinx Law Review39(1), 105-182.

Hardrick, J. J. L. (2023). Using Positive Psychology Principles to Assist Black Students Succeed in Law School. SJ Pol’y & Just.17, 39.

Markovic, M., & Plickert, G. (2023). The Gender pay gap and High-Achieving Women in the Legal Profession. Law & Social Inquiry48(2).

Nourani-Dargiri, A. (2023). Words We Manifest: How to Amplify Diverse Voices through Course Materials in Lawyering Skills CoursesLegal Writing: J. Legal Writing Inst.27, 273.

Pryal, K. R. G. (2023). Front-Line Faculty and Systemic Burnout: Why More Faculty Should Attend to Law Students’ Mental Health and the Inequities Caused by Faculty Who opt outLegal Writing: J. Legal Writing Inst.27, 199.

Scott, J., Wilson, P., Cochran, T., & Pals, A. (2023). Protecting Diversity: Can we Afford to Throw out Grutter Before its Expiration Date?. AccessLex Institute Research Paper No. 23-04.

Simon, D. (2023). Legal Education and Trigger Warnings: More Harm Than Good?. Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper, (23-20).

Sneed, T. (2023). Adapting Legal Research for a First-Generation AudienceLegal Reference Services Quarterly, 1-15.

Teixeira de Sousa, M. (2023). The Law Professor and the Therapist: Beyond Belonging There’s a Place (and Need) for Group Solidarity Among First Generation and Low-Income Students in the Law School SettingRoger Williams University Law Review28(2), 4.

Parks, G. S., & Toussaint, E. C. (2023). The Color of Law ReviewBUL Rev.103, 181.


Abrams, J. R. (2022). Cultivating more Inclusive Classrooms and Practice‐Ready Graduates with Voice and Video AssignmentsFamily Court Review60(4), 613-629.

Banks, A., Pandya, S., Wright, M., Sturm, S., & Thomas, K. (2022). Building Inclusive Law Schools. Columbia Academic Commons.

Bowman, N., Stroup, N., & Fenton-Miller, S. (2022). Promoting Graduation Outcomes for Racially Minoritized Law School Students: Examining the Role of Finances, Racial Representation, and PrestigeJournal of Postsecondary Student Success1(4), 54-83.

Brown, K. D., & Dau-Schmidt, K. G. (2022). Racial and Ethnic Ancestry of the Nation’s Black Law Students: An Analysis of Data from the LSSSE SurveyBerkeley J. Afr.-Am. L. & Pol’y, 22, 1.

Conneely, N., Taylor, A., & Ross, L. (2022). Professional Judgment and Emergency Fund Programs: An Opportunity to ImproveJournal of Student Financial Aid51(1), 4.

Culver, L. P., & Kronk-Warner, E. (2022). #IncludeTheirStories: Rethinking, Reimagining, and Reshaping Legal EducationUtah L. Rev., 709.

Darling-Aduana, J., Woodyard, H. T., Sass, T. R., & Barry, S. S. (2022). Learning-Mode Choice, Student Engagement, and Achievement Growth During the COVID-19 PandemicAERA Open8.

Deo, M. E. (2022). Pandemic Pressures on Faculty. 170 University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online 172.

Elyse, A. (2022). “Checking in” to Build more Connection with and Between StudentsSecond Draft35, 1.

Fogel, J., Hoopes, M., & Liu, G. (2022). Law Clerk Selection and Diversity: Insights from Fifty Sitting Judges of the Federal Courts of AppealsHarvard Law Review, Forthcoming.

Gharakhanian, Anahid, et al. (2022). More Than the Numbers’: Empirical Evidence of an Innovative Approach to Admissions. Minnesota Law Review.

Grant, E. (2022). BelongingnessConn. L. Rev. Online54, 1.

Hamilton, N. W., & Organ, J. M. (2022). Learning Outcomes that Law Schools Have Adopted: Seizing the Opportunity to Help Students, Legal Employers, Clients, and the Law School. U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-13.

Lu, J. G., Nisbett, R. E., & Morris, M. W. (2022). The Surprising Underperformance of East Asians in US Law and Business Schools: The Liability of low Assertiveness and the Ameliorative Potential of Online ClassroomsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences119(13).

Rocconi, L.M., Boyd, A.T. Measuring Quality in Legal Education: Examining the Relationship Between Law School Rank and Student EngagementRes High Educ 63.

Salas‐Pilco, S. Z., Yang, Y., & Zhang, Z. (2022). Student Engagement in Online Learning in Latin American Higher Education During the COVID‐19 Pandemic: A Systematic ReviewBritish Journal of Educational Technology53(3).

Silver, C., & Ballakrishnen, S. S. (2022). Where Do We Go from Here? International Students, Post-Pandemic Law Schools, and the Possibilities of Universal DesignNorthwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 22-18.

Todres, J. (2022). In Pursuit of a Healthy Work-Life Balance in Law School and Beyond. LSSSE.

Todres, J. (2022). Work-Life Balance and the Need to Give Law Students a BreakUniversity of Pittsburgh Law Review Online83, 1-13.

Tully, L. D. (2022). Race and Lawyering in the Legal Writing ClassroomLegal Writing: J. Legal Writing Inst.26, 195.

Wang, S., Griffiths, R., Christensen, C., D’Angelo, C., & Condon, K. (2022). An Evaluation of a First-of-its-kind Hybrid Law Degree ProgramJournal of Computing in Higher Education34(2).


Bahadur, R., & Zhang, L. (2021). Socratic Teaching and Learning Styles: Exposing the Pervasiveness of Implicit Bias and White Privilege in Legal Pedagogy. Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal, 18(2), 114.

Bodamer, E. (2021). Do I Belong Here? Examining Perceived Experiences of Bias, Stereotype Concerns, and Sense of Belonging in U.S. Law Schools. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 11.

Baskaran, P. (2021). Taking Our Space: Service, Scholarship, and Radical Citation Practice. Rutgers Law Review, 73(4).

Capers, I. B. (2021). The Law School as a White Space. Minnesota Law Review, 106.

Chew, A., & Gurvich, R. (2021). Saying the Quiet Parts Out Loud: Teaching Students How Law School Works (Essay). Available at SSRN 3901104.

Chien, S. C. S., Mehrotra, A. K., & Wang, X. (2021). Sociolegal Research, the Law School Survey of Student Engagement,and Studying Diversity in Judicial Clerkships. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 15.

Christensen, C. (2021). Preparing Law Students to be Successful Lawyers. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 13.

Cochran, T., & Walker, L. (2021). Analyzing Pathways to the JD with National Student Clearinghouse Data. AccessLex Institute Research Paper, (21-01).

Deo, M. E. (2021). Investigating Pandemic Effects on Legal Academia. Fordham Law Review, 89(6), 2467-2496.

Deo, M. E. (2021). LSSSE at Fifteen: Celebrating Our Success and Planning Our Future. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 7.

Deo, M. E. (2021). New Legal Realism, eCRT, and the future of legal education scholarship. In Research Handbook on Modern Legal Realism. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Deo, M. E. (2021). The End of Affirmative Action. North Carolina Law Review, 100.

Deo, M. E. (2021). Why BIPOC Fails. Virginia Law Review Online, 107.

Garth, B. G. (2021). Reflections on LSSSE’s Fifteen-Year Trajectory and Beyond. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 14.

Kuh, G. D., & O’Day, P. T. (2021). Whence Did Thee Come, LSSSE?. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 8.

Norberg, S. F., & Garcia, S. J. (2021). Reducing Debt and Increasing Access to the Profession: An Empirical Study of Graduate Debt at US Law Schools. Journal of Legal Education, forthcoming., Florida International University Legal Studies Research Paper, (21-10).

Quintanilla, V. D., & Erman, S. (2021). Mindsets in Legal EducationJournal of Legal Education, 69(2), 9.

Robel, L. (2021). Afterword: Nudging Toward Virtue. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 18.

Ryan Jr, C. J. (2021). Paying for Law School: Law Student Loan Indebtedness and Career Choices. U. Ill. L. Rev., 97.

Schendel, S. (2021). Listen! Amplifying the Experiences of Black Law School Graduates in 2020. Nebraska Law Review, Forthcoming.

Silver, C. (2021). LSSSE’s Challenge: Gaining Recognition in the Wake of U.S. News & World Report. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 10.

Smith, S. R. (2021). The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Legal Education.

Strieber, R. K. (2021). Legal Research & Writing: An Undergraduate Pre-Law Course Design. Senior Thesis.

Taylor, A. N. (2021). It’s Not Where You Start, it’s How You Finish: Predicting Law School and Bar Success.

Taylor, A. N. (2021). The Journey, The Work, The Impact: Reflections on my Tenure as LSSSE Director. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 12.

Testy, K. Y. (2021). Advancing an Evidence-Based Approach to Improving Legal Education. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 16.

Testy, K., & Elizabeth, J. B. (2021). Reflections on a New Study that Examines Discrimination and Bias Reported by Lawyers: Comment on Blanck, Hyseni, and Altunkol Wise’s National Study of the Legal Profession. American Journal of Law & Medicine, 47(1), 91-99.

Thomson, D. I., & Daniels, S. (2021). Looking Back: A Case Study of Career Interest and Experiential Learning in Law School. Willamette Law Review, 56(101), 21-11.

VanZandt, V. L. (2021). ” Thinking Like Lawyers” in the Online Environment: Students’ and Faculty Members’ Perceptions of Using the Socratic Method in an Online JD Course (Doctoral dissertation, University of Dayton).

Weinberger, L. D. (2021). Keep Distance Education for Law Schools: Online Education, the Pandemic, and Access to Justice. Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Forthcoming.

Winek, J. D., & Kirsten, M. (2021). Writing Like a Lawyer: How Law Student Involvement Affects Self-Reported Gains in Writing Skills in Law School. Journal of Legal Education, 69(2), 17.


Bess, M. (2020). Grit, growth mindset, and the path to successful lawyering. UMKC L. Rev., 89, 493.

Bodamer, E. (2020). Do I Belong at This Law School? How Perceived Experiences of Bias, Stereotype Concerns, and Social Capital Influence Law Students’ Sense of Belonging (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University).

Bodamer, E., Dustman, K., Langer, D., Walzer, M., Camilli, G., & Gallagher, A. (2020). Understanding and Interpreting Law School Enrollment Data. Available at SSRN 3845013.

Christopher, C. M. (2020). Normalizing Struggle. Ark. L. Rev., 73, 27.

Deo, M. E. (2020). Securing Support in an Unequal Profession. Presumed Incompetent II: Race, Class, Power, and Resistance of Women in Academia, 300-13

Janus, E. S. (2020). The” Worst Idea Ever!”-Lessons from One Law School’s Pioneering Embrace of Online Learning Methods. Syracuse L. Rev., 70, 13.

Lasso, R. (2020). A Blueprint for Using Assessments to Achieve Learning Outcomes and Improve Students’ Learning. Elon L. Rev., 12, 1.

Lenz, C. (2020). Affordable content in legal education. Law Library Journal, 112(3), 301-326.

Merritt, D. J., & Cornett, L. (2020). Building a Better Bar: The Twelve Building Blocks of Minimum Competence.

Radvany, P. (2020). Experiential Leadership: Teaching Collaboration through a Shared Leadership Model. Clinical L. Rev., 27, 309.

Richards, J., Scheckel, C. J., Anderson, A., Newman, J. R., & Poole, K. G. (2020). Life vs Loans: Does Debt Affect Career Satisfaction in Osteopathic Graduates?. Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 120(8), 497-503.

Robbins, A. (2020). Preventing Attrition: Critical Interventions to Close the Racial Gap in Non-Transfer Attrition. Widener L. Rev., 26, 143.

Ryan Jr, C. J. (2020). Analyzing Law School Choice. U. Ill. L. Rev., 583.

Sandomierski, D. (2020). The Lawyer as Citizen: Integrating Theory and Practice in Legal Education. In Aspiration and Reality in Legal Education (pp. 1-39). University of Toronto Press.

Sundquist, C. (2020). The Future of Law Schools: Covid-19, Technology, and Social Justice. Conn. L. Rev. CONNtemplations, 53, 1.


Ballakrishnen, S. S., & Silver, C. (2019). A new minority? International JD students in US law schools. Law & Social Inquiry, 44(3), 647-678.

Colombo, R. J. (2019). Teaching a Synchronous Online Business Organizations Course to JD Students: A Case Study. Hofstra L. Rev., 48, 873.

Daniels, S. (2019). The Perennial (and Stubborn) Challenges of Affordability, Cost, and Access in Legal Education. In Power, Legal Education, and Law School Cultures (pp. 126-153). Routledge.

Deo, M.E. (2019). Unequal Profession: Race and Gender in Legal Academia. Stanford University Press.

Deo, M. E. (2019). The Paradox of Faculty-Student Interactions. 69(1) J. Legal Ed.36 (2020).

Gee, H. (2019). Review Essay: What’s Going On. Asian Pac. Am. LJ, 23, 19.

Giroux, S., Tharp, K., & Wietelman, D. (2019). Impacts of implementing an automatic advancement feature in mobile and web surveys. Survey Practice, 12(1), 6381.

Glater, J. D. (2019). Statutory Analysis: Criminal Law and an Ever-Evolving Law School. UC Irvine L. Rev., 10, 401.

Gunthrie, C., & Lamm, E. (2019). The Aid Gap.

Harris, D. (2019). Office Hours Are Not Obsolete: Fostering Learning through One-on-One Student Meetings. Duq. L. Rev., 57, 43.

Lee, J. A. (2019). From Socrates to Selfies: Legal Education and the Metacognitive Revolution. Drexel L. Rev., 12, 227.

Quintanilla, V. D., Middenforf, J. K., Hoffmann, F. L., Kile-Maxwell, E., Sweet, D. M., & Wietelman, K. Y. (2019). Experiential Education and Access-to-Justice within US Law Schools: Designing and Evaluating an Access-to-Justice Service Learning Program within the First-Year Curriculum. Ind. JL & Soc. Equal., 7, 88.

Rhode, D. L. (2019). Preparing Leaders: The Evolution of a Field and the Stresses of Leadership. Santa Clara Law Review, 58(3), 411.

Rocconi, L. M., Taylor, A. N., Haeger, H., Zilvinskis, J. D., & Christensen, C. R. (2019). Beyond the numbers: An examination of diverse interactions in law school. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 12(1), 27-37.

Stein, A. R. (2019). The Need for Peer Mentoring Programs Linked to the Legal Writing Class: An Analysis and Proposed Model. Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing, 27(1), 32.

Taylor, A. N. (2019). How the Law School Admission Process Marginalizes Black Aspiring Lawyers. In Power, Legal Education, and Law School Cultures (pp. 224-240). Routledge.

Taylor, A. N. (2019). The Marginalization of Black Aspiring Lawyers. FIU Law Review, 13(3), 489.

Vollweiler, D. M. (2019). Law School as a Consumer Product: Beat’em or Join’em?. Pace L. Rev., 40, 1.

Wawrose, S. (2019). A More Human Place: Using Core Counseling Skills to Transform Faculty-Student Relationships. 55 Willamette L. Rev. 133

Winek, K. M. (2019). Writing Like a Lawyer: How Law Student Involvement Impacts Self-reported Gains in Writing Skills in Law School. The University of Toledo.


Baum, S., & Steele, P. (2018). Graduate and Professional School Debt: How Much Debt Students Borrow. AccessLex Institute Research Paper No. 18-02.

Church, C. Z., Jones Jr, R. L., Kerew, K. L., & Terry, K. S. (2018). Seize the Data! Using Evidence from Externship Courses to Measure Law School Learning Outcomes.

Norberg, S. F. (2017). The Case for an ABA Accreditation Standard on Employment Outcomes. Florida International University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-20.

O’Bryant, J. M., & Schaffzin, K. T. (2018). First-Generation Students in Law School: A Proven Success Model. Arkansas Law Review, 70(4), 913.

Taylor, A. N. (2018). Robin Hood, in Reverse: How Law School Scholarships Compound Inequality. Journal of Law Education 47(1), 41-108.

Welch Wegner, J. (2018). Law School Assessment in the Context of Accreditation: Critical Questions, What We Know and Don’t Know, and What We Should Do Next. Journal of Legal Education, 67(2), 412.


Austin, K. A., Christopher, C., & Dickerson, D. (2017). Will Pass the Bar Exam: Predicting Student Success Using LSAT Scores and Law School Performance. Hofstra Law Review 45(3), 753-784.

Cooper, J. M., & Gurung, R. A. (2017). Smarter Law Study Habits: An Empirical Analysis of Law Learning Strategies and Relationship with Law GPA.

Daniels, S. (2017). The Perennial (and Stubborn) Challenge of Cost, Affordability, and Access in Legal Education: ‘We Will Continue to Muddle Through’. American Bar Foundation Research Paper No. 6-17.

Merritt, D. J., & Merritt, A. L. (2017). Agreements to Improve Student Aid: An Antitrust Perspective. J. Legal Educ., 67, 17.

Ramirez, S. A. (2017). Diversity in the Legal Academy after Fisher II. UCDL Rev., 51, 979.

Rudley, D. L. (2017). Bridging the Divide between Assessment and Accreditation. NYL Sch. L. Rev., 62, 35.

Thomson, D. I., & Daniels, S. (2017). If You Build it, They Will Come: What Students Say About Experiential Learning. U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-25; AccessLex Institute Research Paper No. 17-08.

Whitford, W. C. (2017). Law School-Administered Financial Aid: The Good News and the Bad News. 67 Journal of Legal Education 4 (2017); Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1426.

Zago, S. (2017). Playing to One’s Passion: A Legal Research Course to Which Law Students Resonate.


Taylor, A. N., & Sheffner, D. J. (2016). Oh, What a Relief It (Sometimes) Is: An Analysis of Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Petitions to Discharge Student Loans. Stan. L. & Pol’y Rev., 27, 295.

Steel, A. & Huggins, A.  (2016). Law Student Lifestyle Pressures. Field, Rachael M., Duffy, James, & James, Colin (Eds.) Promoting Law Student and Lawyer Well-being in Australia and Beyond. Ashgate (Routledge), Farnham, Surrey, 2016; UNSW Law Research Paper No. 2016-45.


Glesner Fines, B., & Wegner, J. W. (2015). Creating an Institutional Culture of Assessment. In D. Maranville, L. Bliss, C. Kaas, & A. Sedillo Lopez (Eds.), Building on best practices: Transforming legal education in a changing world.

Muller, E. (2015). The Fellowships at Auschwitz for the Study of Professional Ethics and the Moral Formation of Lawyers. Journal of Legal Education, 64(3), 385-402.

Silver, C., & Rocconi, L. (2015). Learning from and about the numbers. Journal of Law 5(1), 53-84. Available at SSRN:

Southworth, A., Garth, B., & Fisk, C. (2015). Some Realism About Realism in Teaching About the Legal Profession. In E. Mertz, S. Macaulay, & T.W. Mitchell (Eds.), The new legal realism: Translating law-and-society for today’s legal practice volume 1. Available at SSRN:

Taylor, A. N. (2015). Ending the Higher Education Sucker Sale: Toward an Expanded Theory of Tort Liability for Recruitment Deception. Utah L. Rev., 425.

Taylor, A. N. (2015). Making State Merit Scholarship Programs More Equitable and Less Vulnerable. U. Haw. L. Rev., 37, 155.

Vorenberg, E., Adcock, C., Harrington, E., Kane, E., Schechter, S., & Udell, D. (2015). Teaching the Newly Essential Knowledge, Skills and Values in a Changing World: Pro Bono as a Professional Value. In D. Maranville, L. Bliss, C. Kaas, & A. Sedillo Lopez (Eds.), Building on best practices: Transforming legal education in a changing world. Available at SSRN:


Gibson, M. T. (2014). What Dan Morgan Taught This Confirmed Introvert about Teaching. Oklahoma City University Law Review 39(3), 339-362.

Kuehn, R. R. (2014). Pricing clinical legal education. Denver University Law Review 92(1), 1-44.

McBride, P. E. (2014). “A Phenomenological Case Study of Preparedness for Public Interest Lawyers,” Adult Education Research Conference.

Moliterno, J. E. (2014). And Now a Crisis in Legal Education. Seton Hall Law Review 44(4), [i]-1129.

Russell, G. (2014). The ABA Section on Legal Education Revisions of the Law Library Standards: What Does It All Mean. Law Library Journal 106(3), 329-376.

Taylor, A. N. (2014). Diversity as a Law School Survival Strategy. Louis ULJ, 59, 321.

Taylor, A. N. (2014). Reimaging Merit as Achievement. NML Rev., 44, 1.


Hodges, A. C. (2013). Using Experiential Education to Develop Human Resources for the Nonprofit Community: A Course Study Analysis.

Sparrow, S. M., & McCabe, M. S. (2012). Team-based Learning in Law. Legal Writing: J. Legal Writing Inst., 18, 153.

Steel, A. (2013). LSSSE in Australia: The UNSW Results (May 31, 2013). Available at SSRN: or

Silver, C. (2013). Getting real about globalization and legal education: potential and perspectives for the US. Stan. L. & Pol’y Rev., 24, 457. Available at SSRN:

Silver, C., Rocconi, L., Haeger, H., & Watkins, L. (2012). Gaining from the System: Lessons from the Law School Survey of Student Engagement About Student Development in Law School. University of St. Thomas Law Journal 10(1), 286-316. Available at SSRN:

Silver, C. (2013). Holding Onto ‘Too Many Lawyers’: Bringing International Graduate Students to the Front of the Class (July 26, 2013). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2013; Indiana Legal Studies Research Paper No. 229. Available at SSRN:

Taylor, A. N. (2013). Segregation, education, and blurring the lines of division in St. Louis. . Louis U. Pub. L. Rev., 33, 183.


Carole Silver, The Law School Survey of Student Engagement: Helping Law Schools Understand What’s Working (and What’s Not) (with Lindsay Watkins):

Silver, C. (2012). Coping with the consequences of too many lawyers: Securing the place of international graduate law students. International Journal of the Legal Profession 19(Issues 2-3), 227-246.

Taylor, A. N. (2012). Undo Undue Hardship: An Objective Approach to Discharging Federal Student Loans in Bankruptcy. J. Legis., 38, 185.


Silver, Carole and Garver, Amy and Watkins, Lindsay, Unpacking the Apprenticeship of Professional Identity and Purpose: Insights from the Law School Survey of Student Engagement (2011). Journal of the Legal Writing Institute, Vol. 17, 2011; Indiana Legal Studies Research Paper No. 227. Available at SSRN:


McLain, Lynn, Is Permitting Student Use of Laptops in Class a Good Idea? ‘It Depends’ – A Variety of Approaches is Best (February 17, 2009). University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper. Available at SSRN: or


Scott, Charity, How Well Do We Engage Our Students? (2007). Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, Vol. 35, 2007. Available at SSRN: